Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease


Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Abstract Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are not routinely screened for depression and anxiety despite knowledge of an increased prevalence in people with chronic disease and negative effects on quality of life.

Methods: Prevalence of anxiety and depression was assessed in IBD outpatients through retrospective chart review. The presence of anxiety and/or depression was determined using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 self-report questionnaires or by diagnosis through psychiatric interview. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, and medication information were also collected. Multivariable analysis was used to determine associations between patient factors and depression and anxiety.

Results: 327 patient charts were reviewed. Rates of depression and anxiety were found to be 25.8% and 21.2%, with 30.3% of patients suffering from depression and/or anxiety. Disease activity was found to be significantly associated with depression and/or anxiety (p = 0.01). Females were more likely to have anxiety (p = 0.01).

Conclusion: A significant proportion of IBD patients suffer from depression and/or anxiety. The rates of these mental illnesses would justify screening and referral for psychiatric treatment in clinics treating this population. Patients with active disease are particularly at risk for anxiety and depression.

Authors Glynis Byrne, Greg Rosenfeld, Yvette Leung, Hong Qian, Julia Raudzus, Carlos Nunez, Brian Bressler